Clinical Significance of Totally Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy: A Comparison of Short-term Outcomes Relative to Open and Laparoscopic-assisted Distal Gastrectomy

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Laparoscopic distal gastrectomy has become an established minimally invasive treatment for gastric cancer since it was first reported in 1994.

Materials and Methods:

We retrospectively assessed the clinical outcomes of 248 patients who had undergone open distal gastrectomy (ODG), laparoscopic-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG), and totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) for gastric cancer.

Results and Conclusions:

TLDG showed superiority in terms of blood loss, reconstruction options, and postoperative recovery compared with ODG and LADG. Especially, the mean operating time in the TLDG group was significantly shorter than that of the LADG group (P=0.003). Book-binding technique used in TLDG was one of the reasons of this result. The only inferior aspect of TLDG was the longer operating time compared with ODG; TLDG had no disadvantages compared with LADG. Although the operating time and long-term outcome remain problems, we suggest that TLDG has the potential to serve as an optimal operative method.

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