Risk Factors for Surgical Site Infection in Open and Laparoscopic Hartmann Closure: A Multivariate Analysis

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Abstract

Background:

Hartmann reversal is a high-morbidity procedure. The aim of this study is to identify risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI) in the era of laparoscopy.

Materials and Methods:

A query of the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was done. Patients undergoing open or laparoscopic Hartmann reversals were identified. Risk factors for and the incidence of SSI were assessed in both groups.

Results:

A total of 7970 patients were identified and 1431 (18%) were done laparoscopically. The SSI rate in the overall population was 13.6%, with 14.9% in those undergoing open surgery and 8% with laparoscopic procedures. Obese patients and smokers had the highest incidences of SSI (18% and 17.5%, respectively). Open surgery (odds ratio=1.8, P<0.001) and obesity (odds ratio=1.6, P<0.001) significantly correlated with higher SSI rates.

Conclusions:

Patients undergoing Hartmann closure are at risk for SSI. Our findings indicate that laparoscopy can significantly reduce SSI, particularly in obese patients.

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