The Role Safety Steps in Success and Complication Rate of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography

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Background:Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is widely used for treatment of biliary disorders. There are several studies to increase the success rate and decrease the complication rate of ERCP. In this study we aimed to evaluate the affect of safety steps in success and complication rate of ERCP.Materials and Methods:In this cohort study patients were evaluated under 2 groups divided as before the introduction of safety steps and after. Successful cannulation rate, difficult cannulations, and complications of the procedure were recorded.Result:Failed ampullary cannulation rates were 8.2% in group 1 and 4% in group 2. In terms of postprocedural complications; in group 2 complication rates significantly decreased from 10.7% to 4.3%. Moreover, post-ERCP pancreatitis rate decreased from 9.1% in group 1 to 4% in group 2.Conclusions:Introduction of safety steps, significantly increase the cannulation rate and decrease both overall complication rate and pancreatitis risk.

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