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Tendinopathies are challenging. The term “tendinopathy” refers to clinical condition characterized by pain, swelling, and functional limitations of tendons and nearby structures. Tendinopathies give rise to significant morbidity, and, at present, only limited scientifically proven management modalities exist. Achilles and patellar tendons are among the most vulnerable tendons, and among the most frequent lower extremity overuse injuries. Achilles and patellar tendinopathies can be managed conservatively and surgically. Several surgical procedures have been described for both conditions, and, if performed well, they lead to a relatively higher rate of success with low complication.