Idiopathic Scoliosis in Identical (Monozygotic) Twins

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The exact nature of the primary predisposing cause of idiopathic scoliosis is unknown. Hereditary and/or environmental factors may be responsible. Two sets of identical twins presenting in adolescence with concordant scoliotic curves were studied and lend support for a hereditary predisposition favoring a multifactorial inheritance.

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