The aim of this study was to estimate the rate of outlet constipation at 1 year after robotic sacrocolpopexy (RSCP) with and without a concomitant distal posterior repair (PR). We sought, first, to determine the rate of persistent outlet constipation and second, to determine de novo outlet constipation.Methods
This was a cohort study of women who underwent RSCP alone versus RSCP + PR, at each surgeon’s discretion, between November 2007 and February 2011 at an academic center. Specific questions in the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory Short Form correlating to outlet constipation and its colorectal-anal subscale scores were compared between and within groups. Rates of posterior compartment reoperation were assessed.Results
Of the 77 women who underwent RSCP, 21 (27%) had a concomitant distal PR. Overall, there was significant improvement in pelvic floor function and quality of life at 1 year after surgery (P = 0.01). Preoperatively, outlet constipation was present in 63.4% of those who underwent RSCP only and in 53.3% of those with concomitant PR. Postoperatively at 1 year, 56% of preoperative outlet constipation resolved and 44% persisted (P = 0.001), with no differences between groups (RSCP vs RSCP + PR). The rate of postoperative de novo outlet constipation was 13.6%. At 1 year after RSCP, 18.2% of patients had symptomatic posterior prolapse, with no difference between both groups (P = 0.746). Overall, 11.7% underwent a subsequent PR, none of whom underwent PR with the initial RSCP (P = 0.104).Conclusions
At 1 year after RSCP, there was a high rate of persistent outlet constipation and a moderate rate of de novo outlet constipation. Concomitant PR did not significantly affect these bowel symptoms.