Effectiveness of a Federal Healthy Start Program on HIV/AIDS Risk Reduction among Women in Hillsborough County, Florida

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Objectives

To examine the impact of the Central Hillsborough Healthy Start Project (CHHS) on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) diagnosis rates in women in Hillsborough County, Florida.

Methods

Project records were linked to hospital discharge data and vital statistics (Florida, 1998–2007; N = 1,696,221). The χ2 test was used to compare rates for HIV/AIDS and pregnancy-related complications for mothers within the CHHS service area with mothers in Hillsborough County and the rest of Florida.

Results

During a 10-year period, HIV/AIDS diagnosis rates among women in the CHHS service area declined by 56.3% (P = 0.01). The observed decline was most evident among black women. HIV/AIDS diagnosis rates in the rest of Hillsborough County and Florida remained unchanged (P = 0.48).

Conclusions

Lessons learned from the CHHS Project can be used to develop effective and comprehensive models for addressing the HIV epidemic.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles