ADAPTING TESTS FOR USE IN MULTIPLE LANGUAGES AND CULTURES1

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

There is a growing interest in using tests constructed and validated for use in one language and culture in other languages and cultures. Sometimes these tests when adapted for use in a second language and culture can further research and meet informational needs, and other times, cross-cultural comparative studies can be carried out. But, whatever the purpose for the test adaptations, questions arise concerning the validity of inferences from these adapted tests.

The purposes of this paper are (1) to consider several advantages and disadvantages of adapting tests from one language and culture to another, (2) to review several sources of error or invalidity associated with adapting tests and to suggest ways to reduce those errors, and (3) to consider test adaptation advances in one rapidly emerging area of social research – quality of life measures.

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