MAGNETIC FLUX EMERGENCE AND GEOMAGNETIC ACTIVITY, A CLOSE CORRELATION

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Abstract

We analyse data of magnetic flux emergence for solar cycles 21 and 22, Helios 1 interplanetary shocks for cycle 21, and sudden storm commencements (SSCs) for cycles 11–22. A dominant variation of 3-year periodicity was found for all three phenomena during cycles 21 and 22. This indicates a correlation and a possible influence of the rate of solar magnetic flux emergence to produce the interplanetary phenomena studied in this work; in particular, the suggested role of coronal mass ejections as a means by which magnetic flux and stresses are taken out of the corona seems to be plausible. When taking cycles 11–22 in SSCs, the main periodicity changes to around 4 years; this may be an indication of flux emergence rate variations over the cycles.

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