CORONAL LEAKY TUBE WAVES AND OSCILLATIONS OBSERVED WITH TRACE


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Abstract

Leaky tube waves are examined in the context of kink oscillations in coronal loops, observed in recent years using TRACE. It is pointed out that the standard (non-leaky) principal kink mode has a leaky bifurcated counterpart with decay time τ≈4π−4(L/R)2P, where R and L are the loop radius and length, and P is the oscillation period. This is somewhat too long to explain the observed decays, except for very short or thick loops, but may be implicated in the initial excitation. Higher harmonics decay much more rapidly. The external solution takes the form of a wave running nearly parallel to the tube, but with a small outward component. In addition, a number of other leaky modes are described which decay on timescales of seconds, τ = Rae/a2, where a and ae are the loop and external Alfvén speeds respectively, and which can be identified as being almost radially propagating fast magnetoacoustic waves. These are outside the currently observable range, but are likely to be important energetically.

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