Prevalence and impact of xerostomia on the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS from Brazil


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Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the impact of xerostomia on the quality of life (QOL) of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) from Brazil. Study Design: A cross-sectional study was performed on 195 PLWHA. Xerostomia was detected by asking a question about the sensation of having “dry mouth,” and Oral Health Impact Profile 14 (OHIP-14) was used to measure the impact of xerostomia on QOL. Time of diagnosis of HIV/AIDS was assessed. Results: A total of 78 (40.0%) subjects presented with xerostomia. Xerostomia was associated with female gender, low amount of saliva perceived (p≤ .01), difficulty in swallowing food (p≤ .05), and showed to have a negative impact on QOL as measured by OHIP-14 (p≤ .01). Conclusion: Xerostomia was frequent and showed to have a negative impact on the QOL of PLWHA.

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