Introduction to Focus Issue on Fusion
Epidemiology Introduction
Lumbar Spinal Fusions
Biomechanics Introduction
Biomechanics of Fusion and Stabilization
Biologic Issues in Lumbar Spinal Fusion Introduction
Biologic Factors Affecting Spinal Fusion and Bone Regeneration
Biologic Enhancement of Spinal Fusion
Indications for Lumbar Spinal Fusion Introduction
The Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Disorders
Is Fusion Indicated for Lumbar Spinal Disorders?
The Indications for Lumbar Spinal Fusion With and Without Instrumentation
Use of Internal Fixation Instrumentation Introduction
Internal Fixation (Pedicle Screw Fixation) for Fusions of the Lumbar Spine
Selection of the Optimal Procedure to Achieve Lumbar Spinal Fusion Introduction
Interbody, Posterior, and Combined Lumbar Fusions