Radiographic Changes at the Coronal Plane in Early Scoliosis

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Abstract

The development of structural skeletal changes was evaluated on 132 anteroposterior radiographs of spines from three scoliotic groups with a Cobb angle of up to 30† and a reference control group. Significant wedging of the vertebral bodies and disks at the coronal plane was registered in curves with a Cobb angle of 4† or more. Asymmetry of the rib-vertebra angle was found in curves with a Cobb angle of 8† or more and was most pronounced in the cranial part of the curves. The early simultaneous occurrence of vertebral and disk wedging suggests the involvement of an extraspinal factor rather than growth disturbance of the vertebral body or of the disk in the early pathomechanism of scoliosis.

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