Presence of Anterior Compression of the Spinal Cord After Laminoplasty Inhibits Upper Extremity Motor Recovery in Patients With Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy

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Abstract

Study Design.

A retrospective single-center study.

Objective.

To investigate how functional recovery is influenced by anterior compression of the spinal cord (ACS) and instability at the level of ACS after laminoplasty in patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy.

Summary of Background Data.

There have been many reports that patients whose spinal cord cannot be decompressed sufficiently after laminoplasty are likely to show unsatisfactory neurologic outcomes. Notably, postoperative ACS is well known to cause problems. Clinically, however, it remains unknown how functional recovery is inhibited by postoperative ACS.

Methods.

Sixty-four consecutive patients who underwent expansive laminoplasty for the treatment of myelopathy at our hospital between 1998 and 2005 were reviewed. All 64 patients were available for follow-up. The average follow-up period was 97 months (60–156 months). Patients were divided into 2 groups: the ACS(+) group comprised 16 patients who had ACS 3 years postoperatively, and the ACS(−) group comprised 48 patients with no ACS. Clinical outcome was compared in terms of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association score (mean total score, mean score of each item, and recovery rates).

Results.

Demographics were similar between the 2 groups. Mean Japanese Orthopaedic Association score at final follow-up was 12.1 points (recovery rate 34.0%) in the ACS(+) group and 13.8 points (recovery rate 56.6%) in the ACS(−) group, and there was a significant difference in recovery rate between the groups (P < 0.05). Notably, a significant difference was found between the 2 groups in improvement of upper extremity motor function (P < 0.05). In addition, we found that not only the presence of ACS but also postoperative hypermobility of the intervertebral segment with ACS influenced clinical outcome negatively.

Conclusion.

These results demonstrate that ACS after laminoplasty could be a risk factor for clinical outcome and might prevent improvement in upper extremity motor function in patients with myelopathy.

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