|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
New techniques for cartilage healing and cartilage grafting have been developed for the treatment of chondral lesions. Microfractures and debridement are recommended for the initial treatment brcause they are low-risk arthroscopic procedures with a high success rate. Perichondral autografts, periosteal autografts, plug autografts, autologous chondrocyte implantation, or osteotomy should be reserved for revision chondral surgery because they are higher-risk procedures. Their success rate is approximately the same as that of the low-risk arthroscopic procedures.