Neurovascular Injuries in the Athlete's Shoulder

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Summary:Neurovascular injuries and entrapment neuropathies about the shoulder are relatively rare entities. However, the athlete is at risk for these conditions through direct injury or repetitive use. Unusual presentations of pain, progressive weakness, or vascular insufficiency in the athlete's shoulder or upper extremity should prompt the examiner to consider uncommon syndromes, such as suprascapular or long thoracic neuropathy, quadrilateral space syndrome, axillary artery occlusion, effort thrombosis, or thoracic outlet syndrome. Increased awareness and prompt recognition of these conditions can limit the athlete's disability, time away from competition or recreational sport, and progression of symptoms.

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