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An accurate assessment of the foot and ankle problem in elite athletes is the foundation of a treatment plan and prognosis. The special pressures of professional sports, where managers, agents, and lawyers may be involved, makes a thorough assessment especially critical for sound decision-making. Evaluation includes taking a history of the acute and chronic condition, including mechanism, physical sensation at injury, compensatory stresses, and general medical review. The athlete is assessed physically in several different ways, including comprehensive focal examination and alignment in static and dynamic nonweight-bearing and weight-bearing modes. This comprehensive process is essential to accurate assessment.