Noise Induced Dissipation in Lebesgue-Measure Preserving Maps on d-Dimensional Torus

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We consider dissipative systems resulting from the Gaussian and alpha-stable noise perturbations of measure-preserving maps on the d dimensional torus. We study the dissipation time scale and its physical implications as the noise level ε vanishes. We show that nonergodic maps give rise to an O(1/ε) dissipation time whereas ergodic toral automorphisms, including cat maps and their d-dimensional generalizations, have an O(ln(1/ε)) dissipation time with a constant related to the minimal, dimensionally averaged entropy among the automorphism's irreducible blocks. Our approach reduces the calculation of the dissipation time to a nonlinear, arithmetic optimization problem which is solved asymptotically by means of some fundamental theorems in theories of convexity, Diophantine approximation and arithmetic progression. We show that the same asymptotic can be reproduced by degenerate noises as well as mere coarse-graining. We also discuss the implication of the dissipation time in kinematic dynamo.

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