An Averaging Theorem for Hamiltonian Dynamical Systems in the Thermodynamic Limit

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It is shown how to perform some steps of perturbation theory if one assumes a measure-theoretic point of view, i.e. if one renounces to control the evolution of the single trajectories, and the attention is restricted to controlling the evolution of the measure of some meaningful subsets of phase–space. For a system of coupled rotators, estimates uniform in N for finite specific energy can be obtained in quite a direct way. This is achieved by making reference not to the sup norm, but rather, following Koopman and von Neumann, to the much weaker L2 norm.

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