Large Deviations in the Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose-Gas


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Abstract

The Superstable Weakly Imperfect Bose-Gas (Sup-WIBG) was originally proposed to solve some inconsistencies of the Bogoliubov theory based on the WIBG. The grand-canonical thermodynamics of the Sup-WIBG has been recently studied in details but only out of the point of the (first order) phase transition. The present paper closes this gap. The key technical tools are the Large Deviations (LD) formalism and in particular the analysis of the Kac distribution function. It turns out that the condensate fraction discontinuity as a function of the chemical potential (that occurs at the phase transition point) disappears if one considers it as a function of the total particle density. We prove that at this point the equilibrium state of the Sup-WIBG is a mixture of two (low- and high-density) pure phases related to two critical particle densities. Non-zero Bose-Einstein condensate starts at the smaller critical density and continuously grows (for a constant chemical potential) until the second critical density. For higher particle densities, the Bose condensate fraction as well as the chemical potential both increase monotonously.

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