A Pilot Study of Metronidazole Vaginal Gel Versus Oral Metronidazole for the Treatment ofTrichomonas vaginalisVaginitis

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Trichomonas vaginalisis a common sexually transmitted pathogen. In the United States, oral metronidazole is the only officially sanctioned treatment option.


This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy and safety of 0.75% metronidazole vaginal gel with that of oral metronidazole for the treatment of trichomonal vaginitis.

Study Design:

Women with trichomoniasis were enrolled in this randomized, open-label pilot study of 0.75% metronidazole vaginal gel twice daily for 7 days compared with 7 days of generic oral metronidazole, 250 mg, three times daily. Patients were seen for follow-up visits 5 to 7 days and 21 to 28 days after the last dose of medication.


Using culture for test of cure, trichomonal infection was eliminated in all 15 women treated with oral metronidazole and 7 (44%) of 16 women treated with intravaginal metronidazole. Adverse events were similar, except that there were more taste-related adverse events in the oral metronidazole group. Significant reductions in genitourinary symptoms were seen in both the oral and intravaginal groups.


This study has shown that 0.75% metronidazole vaginal gel is not effective as a single agent for the treatment of trichomoniasis. Future studies may define a role for metronidazole gel for symptomatic relief in patients intolerant of oral medication or as adjunctive treatment with oral metronidazole for the management of patients infected with metronidazole-resistant strains ofT. vaginalis.

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