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Partner notification (PN) is commonly offered to persons recently diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to improve linkage to care and prevent onward transmission. Yet, much remains unknown about the factors associated with successful PN participation in populations at highest risk.Data were collected during the first 2 waves (2013–2015) of “uConnect,” a population-based cohort study of young black men who have sex with men in Chicago (N = 618). Participants completed a biobehavioral survey and were tested for HIV. Among HIV-infected participants (N = 187), weighted logistic regression models examined the relationship between participant characteristics and being offered PN and providing partner names.30.3% (n = 187) of the sample was HIV-positive, of which 71.7% (n = 134) were offered PN, including: 8.2% (n = 11) by the city health department; 51.5% (n = 69) by health care providers; and 40.3% (n = 54) by both. Being offered PN was significantly associated with criminal justice involvement history (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.49; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.38–4.49), volatile nitrates usage (aOR, 2.88; 95% CI, 1.20–6.94), and recent conversations with HIV outreach workers (aOR, 2.68; 95% CI, 1.25–5.77). Providing partner names was significantly associated with intermittent (aOR, 7.26; 95% CI, 1.75–30.07) and heavy (aOR, 11.47; 95% CI, 2.57–51.22) marijuana use, and being offered PN by both the city health department and health care provider (aOR, 8.36; 95% CI, 2.73–25.62).A substantial proportion of HIV-diagnosed individuals were never offered PN. Being offered PN by multiple sources is associated with participation, and improved collaboration within health systems may improve participation rates.