Hypoxia stimulates the production of the angiogenesis inhibitor 2-methoxyestradiol by swine granulosa cells

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Abstract

Highlights

▸ Angiogenesis and angioregression can be investigated using ovarian follicle as a model. ▸ We demonstrate that 2-ME, an estradiol metabolite, inhibits angiogenesis. ▸ Moreover, we show that granulosa cells 2-ME secretion is stimulated by hypoxia. ▸ We indicate 2-ME as a putative candidate in the intrafollicular angiogenesis balance.

We previously demonstrated the presence of 2-methoxyestradiol (2-ME) in swine follicular fluid. Present study was aimed first of all to investigate if swine granulosa cell produce 2-ME; in addition, we tried to assess a potential effect of hypoxia in modulating 2-ME output. Finally, we explored the effect of 2-ME in an angiogenesis bioassay set up in our lab. Our data show that cultured granulosa cells are able to produce 2-ME; interestingly, the secretion of the hormone appeared to be stimulated by hypoxia. Angiogenesis bioassay points out that 2-ME displays an inhibitory effect on neovascularisation. Therefore our data suggest that 2-ME could be a local effector in determining the fine tuning responsible for follicle angiogenesis. These data deserve special attention since the ovary is a valuable experimental model in angiogenesis research.

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