Hematologic Abnormalities Occur in Both Cortical and Lacunar Infarction

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Abstract

Background and Purpose

Primary hematologic abnormalities are a rare but established cause of ischemic stroke. In addition, activation of hemostatic parameters is often present during the acute phase of stroke. However, it is uncertain whether these abnormalities occur in both cortical and lacunar infarction; this study aimed to further assess this issue.

Methods

Hematologic parameters (prothrombin, activated partial thromboplastin, thrombin clotting, and euglobulin lysis times; and fibrinogen, fibrinopepetide A, antithrombin III, protein C, protein S, and plasminogen levels) were measured in 19 patients within 48 hours of the onset of acute cerebral infarction. These patients included 10 with cortical infarcts and 9 with lacunar infarcts, as determined by standard clinical and radiological criteria.

Results

Five patients with lacunar infarction and 7 patients with cortical infarction demonstrated raised fibrinopeptide A levels, indicating enhanced thrombin activity. Fibrinolysis, assessed by the euglobulin lysis time, was impaired in 6 of 9 patients with lacunar infarction and in 2 of 10 patients with cortical infarction. Lupus anticoagulants were detected in 3 patients with lacunar infarction and in 1 patient with cortical infarction. Three patients in each group displayed decreased antithrombin III function, and 1 patient with a lacunar infarction had a low protein C level.

Conclusions

Primary hematologic disorders and secondary hemostatic derangements may occur in patients with either cortical or lacunar infarction.

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