Validation of the Essen Stroke Risk Score and the Stroke Prognosis Instrument II in Chinese Patients

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Abstract

Background and Purpose—

Little was known about the predictive accuracy of the Essen Stroke Risk Score and the Stroke Prognostic Instrument II in Chinese patients with stroke.

Methods—

We evaluated the predictive accuracy of both Essen Stroke Risk Score and Stroke Prognostic Instrument II scores for both recurrent stroke and combined vascular events using data from a prospective cohort of 11 384 patients with acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack admitted to 132 urban hospitals throughout China.

Results—

The cumulative 1-year event rates were 16% (95% CI, 15%–16%) for recurrent stroke and 18% (95% CI, 18%–19%) for combined vascular events. Both event rates were significantly higher in patients with transient ischemic attack and increased significantly from lower to higher Essen Stroke Risk Score and Stroke Prognostic Instrument II categories. Essen Stroke Risk Score and Stroke Prognostic Instrument II had similar predictive accuracies for each study outcome.

Conclusions—

In Chinese patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, both Essen Stroke Risk Score and Stroke Prognostic Instrument II scores are equally able to stratify the risk of recurrent stroke and combined vascular events.

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