Nanoerythropoietin Is 10-Times More Effective Than Regular Erythropoietin in Neuroprotection in a Neonatal Rat Model of Hypoxia and Ischemia

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Abstract

Background and Purpose—

Erythropoietin (EPO) has been demonstrated to possess significant neuroprotective effects in stroke. We determined if the nano-drug form of human recombinant EPO (PLGA-EPO nanoparticles [PLGA-EPO-NP]) can enhance neuroprotection at lower dosages versus human recombinant EPO (r-EPO).

Methods—

Established neonatal rat model of unilateral ischemic stroke was used to compare r-EPO, PLGA-EPO-NP and phosphate-buffered saline, given by daily intraperitoneal injections, followed by infarction volume and Rotarod Performance Test assessment.

Results—

PLGA-EPO-NP significantly reduced infarction volumes 72 hours after injury compared with the same concentrations of r-EPO. Functional deficits were significantly reduced by 300 U/kg PLGA-EPO-NP versus controls, with deficit attenuation apparent at significantly lower dosages of PLGA-EPO-NP versus r-EPO.

Conclusions—

PLGA-EPO-NP is neuroprotective and beneficial against deficits after brain ischemia, at significantly reduced dosages versus r-EPO.

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