Introduction: Very elderly (age ≥80yo) individuals account for about one-third of all stroke admissions with mixed literature demonstrating relative poor stroke outcomes. With overwhelming recent evidence supporting the use of intra-arterial thrombectomy in addition to IV thrombolysis for large-vessel occlusive stroke, we conducted a metaanalysis to assess long-term functional outcome following mechanical thrombectomy in very elderly.
Hypothesis: Very elderly patients with acute ischemic stroke treated with thrombectomy have equally favorable long-term functional outcomes to their younger counterparts
Methods: Stroke endovascular trials published in New England Journal of Medicine 2014-2015 were included if they reported odds ratio of good functional outcome (improvement in modified Rankin score, mRS) comparing thrombectomy vs IV-tPA dichotomized by age groups (age ≤ 80yo vs >80yo, 2 studies dichotomized age at 70yo). Multivariate adjusted odds ratios and the corresponding standard errors were used for the metaanalysis. Pooled odds ratio estimates across trials were synthesized by using a random-effects model based on Mantel-Haenszel methods. The pooled estimates with 95% confidence interval were compared between elderly and younger age groups. Forest plots constructed.
Results: Of the 5 recent intraartrial thrombectomy trials, 4 studies reported subgroup analysis by age with 1,206 participants, 28% (N=334) were above the age of 80yo, 72% (N=872) were ≤80yo. Among very elderly patients undergoing thrombectomy, the pooled odds ratio of good functional outcome at 3 months was 1.91 (1.13-3.24), in the younger group the pooled odds ratio was 1.95 (1.50-2.53).
Conclusions: Endovascular therapy was an effective therapy for very elderly individuals presenting with acute ischemic stroke caused by large vessel occlusive disease. Future studies are needed to further assess the safety and effectiveness of thrombectomy in this growing population.