Introduction: Few studies have investigated the association between pretreatment DWI-ASPECTS and functional outcome after stent-retriever thrombectomy in patients with acute anterior circulation stroke.
Hypothesis: Patients with acute stroke and DWI-ASPECTS <7 might have a similar chance of a good outcome compared to those with a higher DWI-ASPECTS, if they are treated with a stent-retriever thrombectomy in a short time window. However, this hypothesis has not been tested. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the impact of DWI-ASPECTS on functional outcome in patients with acute anterior circulation stroke who received a stent-retriever thrombectomy.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and DWI data from 171 patients with acute anterior circulation stroke who were treated with stent-retriever thrombectomy within 6 hours of symptom onset. The DWI-ASPECTS was assessed by two readers. A good outcome was defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 0-2 at 3 months.
Results: The median DWI-ASPECTS was 7 (interquartile range, 6-8). Receiver operating characteristics analysis revealed an ASPECTS ≥ 7 was the optimal cut-off to predict a good outcome at 3 months (area under the curve=0.57; sensitivity, 75.3%; specificity, 34.4%). The rates of good outcome, symptomatic hemorrhage, and mortality were not different between high DWI-ASPECTS (scores of 7-10) and intermediate (scores of 4-6) groups. In patients with an intermediate DWI-ASPECTS, good outcome was achieved in 46.5% (20/43) of patients with successful revascularization (modified TICI 2b or 3), whereas no patients without successful revascularization had a good outcome (P=0.016). In multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent predictors of good outcome were age and successful revascularization.
Conclusions: Our study suggested that treatment outcomes were not different between patients with a high DWI-ASPECTS and those with an intermediate DWI-ASPECTS who underwent stent-retriever thrombectomy for acute anterior circulation stroke. Thus, patients with an intermediate DWI-ASPECTS otherwise eligible for endovascular therapy should not be excluded for stent-retriever thrombectomy or stroke trials.