Abstract TP161: Gastrointestinal Bowel Obstruction in Acute Ischemic Stroke

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Introduction: The prognosis of patients suffering acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is worsened by medical complications that occur during subsequent hospitalization. The incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of gastrointestinal bowel obstruction (GIBO) in AIS have not been previously reported.

Methods: We employed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 to 2011 to identify all patients admitted with a primary diagnosis of AIS and subsets with and without a secondary diagnosis of GIBO without hernia. Multivariate logistic regression was utilized to analyze predictors of GIBO in AIS patients and the association between GIBO, in-hospital complications, and outcomes.

Results: We identified 16,987 patients with GIBO (425 per 100,000) among 3,988,667 AIS hospitalizations and 4.2% of patients of these patients underwent repair surgery for intestinal obstruction. Multivariate predictors of GIBO included: age 55-64 (OR: 1.52, 95% CI: 1.40-1.64), age 65-74 (OR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.56-1.84), age 75+ (OR: 1.97, 95% CI: 1.81-2.13), black race (OR: 1.42, 95% CI: 1.36-1.49), coagulopathy (OR: 1.39, 95% CI: 1.29-1.50), cancer (OR: 1.59, 95% CI: 1.44-1.75), blood loss anemia (OR: 2.51, 95% CI: 2.22-2.84), fluid/electrolyte disorder (OR: 2.91, 95% CI: 2.81-3.02), weight loss (OR: 3.08, 95% CI: 2.93-3.25), and thrombolytic therapy (OR: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.20-1.42) (all p<0.0001). Patients with GIBO had a greater likelihood of suffering intubation (OR: 1.79, 95% CI: 1.70-1.90), deep vein thrombosis (OR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.25-1.46), pulmonary embolism (OR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.53-2.21), sepsis (OR: 2.39, 95% CI: 2.22-2.56), acute kidney injury (OR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.76-1.95), gastrointestinal hemorrhage (OR: 2.82, 95% CI: 2.63-3.03), and blood transfusions (OR: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.90-2.15) (all p<0.0001). In adjusted analyses, AIS patients with GIBO were 284% and 39% more likely to face moderate to severe disability and in-hospital death, respectively (p<0.0001). GIBO occurrence increased length of stay and total costs by an average of 9.7 days and $22,342 (p<0.0001).

Conclusion: Advanced age, black race, and several pre-existing comorbidities increase the likelihood of post-AIS GIBO, which is an independent predictor of in-hospital complications, disability, and mortality.

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