Abstract TP6: Factors Influencing Infarct Progression During Ischemic Stroke Patients Transfer Collaterals Lost is Brain Lost


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Abstract

Introduction: When transferred from a referring hospital (RH) to a thrombectomy capable stroke center (TCSC), patients with initially favorable imaging profile (ASPECT score ≥6) often demonstrate infarct progression significant enough to make them ineligible at arrival. We sought to determine the clinical and imaging factors associated with this phenomenon in transferred ischemic stroke patients.Methods: We identified adult stroke patients transferred from one of 30 RH between 2010 and 2016 for which (1) a RH computed tomography (CT) and (2) a CT Angiography (CTA) at arrival were available for review. ASPECT scores were evaluated by 2 raters. The adequacy of leptomeningeal collateral flow was rated as none/poor, decreased, adequate or augmented per the Maas et al (Stroke 2009), modified scale. ASPECTS decay was defined as an ASPECT initial score ≥6 worsening between RH and TCSC CTs to a score <6.Results: A total of 330 patients were included in the analysis (mean age 70.2 ± 14.2, 43.3% females). Univariable subgroup analyses showed that patients with ASPECTs decay were more likely to be females (55% vs 40%, p=0.02), not on anticoagulants (4% vs 15%, p=0.01), and with higher initial NIHSS (Median [IQR] 19 [15.3-22] vs 11 [6-17], p<0.001), hyperdense vessel sign on initial CT (71% vs 26%, p<0.001) and poor collaterals on CTA (72% vs 19%, p<0.001). In multivariable models, higher NIHSS, lower baseline ASPECTs, CTA evidence of a proximal occlusion, and none/poor collaterals were strong predictors of ASPECTs decay, with collateral status demonstrating the highest odds ratio (aOR 10.3, 95%CI: [4.1-29], p<0.001). Similar results were found after stratification by vessel occlusion level.Conclusion: In ischemic stroke patients transferred for thrombectomy, poor collateral flow, stroke severity and proximal vascular occlusion, but not time interval, are the main determinants of ASPECTs decay.

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