Background: Recent single center studies have suggested that “procedural time” independent of “time to procedure” can affect outcomes of acute ischemic stroke patients undergoing endovascular treatment (ET). We performed a pooled analysis from three ET trials to determine the effect of procedural time on angiographic and clinical outcomes.
Objective: To determine the relationship between procedural time and clinical outcomes among acute ischemic stroke patients undergoing successful recanalization with ET.
Methods: We analyzed data from SWIFT, STAR and SWIFT PRIME trials. Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, NIHSS score on admission, intracranial hemorrhage rates and mRS at 3 months post procedure were analyzed. TICI scale was used to grade post procedure angiographic recanalization. Procedural time was defined by the time interval between groin puncture and recanalization. We estimated the procedural time after which favorable clinical outcome was unlikely even after recanalization (futile) after age and NIHSS score adjustment.
Results: We analyzed 301 patients who underwent ET and had near complete or complete recanalization (TICI 2b or 3). The procedural time (±SD) was significantly shorter in patients who achieved a favorable outcome (mRS 0-2) compared with those who did not achieve favorable outcome (44±25 vs 51±33 minutes, p=0.04). Table 1. In the multivariate analysis (including all baseline characteristics with a p value <0.05 as independent variables), shorter procedural time was a significant predictor of lower odds of unfavorable outcome (OR 0.49, 95% CI 0.28, 0.85, p=0.012). The rates of favorable outcomes were significantly higher when the procedural time was <60 minutes compared with ≥60 minutes (62% vs 45%, p=0.020).
Conclusion: Procedural time in patients undergoing mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke is an important determinant of favorable outcomes in those with near complete or complete recanalization.