Abstract WP20: Efficacy and Safety of Mechanical Thrombectomy in Emergent Large Vessel Occlusions with Concomitant Cervical Internal Carotid Artery Occlusion


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Abstract

Introduction: Recently, five published major randomized controlled clinical trials have demonstrated that timely mechanical thrombectomy (MT) of acute ischemic strokes (AIS) with emergent large vessel occlusion (ELVO) is safe and improves functional outcomes. However, data evaluating the efficacy and safety of MT in ELVO patients with concomitant cervical internal carotid artery (cICA) occlusion is limited. The purpose of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of MT in ELVO patients with concomitant cICA occlusionMethods: We prospectively analyzed consecutive AIS patients with anterior circulation ELVO who underwent stent-retriever or primary aspiration thrombectomy at two tertiary stroke centers. Outcome measures in our study were 3-month mortality and modified ranking scale (mRS), as well as symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH). Safety and efficacy outcomes were compared between ELVO patients with and without concomitant cICA occlusion.Results: A total of 137 AIS patients had anterior circulation ELVO and underwent MT (age 63 ± 14, 49% male, median NIHSS 17, IQR [13-20]). ELVO patients with concomitant cICA occlusion (n=19) did not differ in terms of rates of sICH (0% versus 11%, p=0.21), complete recanalization (68 % versus 68%, p=1.00), onset to groin puncture time (minutes [IQR] 268 [211-379] versus 225 [165-312], p=0.47), 3-month mortality (35% versus 26 %, p=0.55), and mRS of 0-2 at 3 months (41% versus 45%, p=0.80) when compared with ELVO patients without concomitant cICA occlusion (n=118). Admission NIHSS was higher among ELVO patients with concomitant cICA occlusion (median [IQR], 18 [15-22] versus 16 [12-19], p=0.01), and they tended to have higher groin puncture to recanalization time (minutes [IQR] 74 [42-97] versus 49 [38-78], p=0.09). The ordinal shift analysis did not show any difference in favorable outcomes in two groups in unadjusted analyses or after adjustment for admission NIHSS and groin to recanalization time (common OR=0.78 [95% CI: 0.27-2.29, p=0.66]). Angioplasty was performed in 11 of 19 ELVO patients with concomitant cICA occlusion. Three patients required stent placement.Discussion: Our study indicates that MT can be performed safely and effectively in ELVO patients with concomitant cICA occlusion.

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