Introduction: Given the recent positive endovascular therapy trials for acute ischemic stroke (AIS), this therapeutic strategy is now being increasingly incorporated into routine clinical practice. Identifying prognostic factors among AIS patients receiving endovascular revascularization treatments (ERT) in the real world could be important for clinicians and patients. While the impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on IV thrombolytic outcomes after AIS has been extensively investigated, there is a paucity of data assessing effects of DM on ERT outcomes after AIS. We evaluated the impact of comorbid DM on ERT for AIS.
Methods: From Jan 2011 to Feb 2016, patients with AIS who underwent ERT for cervicocephalic occlusions were consecutively enrolled into the Acute Stroke due to Intracranial Atherosclerotic occlusion and Neurointervention - Korean Retrospective (ASIAN KR) registry from 3 hospitals. Patients were excluded if onset to puncture time over 8 hours, in-hospital stroke, or unavailable 3-month mRS. DM was diagnosed if a patient had the history, or hemoglobin A1c on admission was over 6.5. Univariate analysis was performed to compare the characteristics between DM and non-DM population. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to validate the effect of comorbid DM on 3 month outcomes.
Results: Of 721 patients, 667 (93%) were finally included, with 233 DM patients and 434 non-DM patients. In the univariate analysis, comorbidity with hypertension (71.2% vs. 58.3%, p=0.001) and dyslipidemia (36.7% vs. 26.7%, p=0.012) were more frequent in the DM population. Periprocedural factors such as target vessels, intravenous thrombolysis, and final reperfusion grades did not differ. Good outcomes with mRS 0-2 were less frequent in the DM population (43.3% vs. 53.7%, p=0.011). In the logistic regression analysis adjusting age, male sex, initial NIHSS, premorbid mRS, hypertension history, atrial fibrillation, intravenous thrombolysis, onset to puncture time and successful reperfusion, DM was an independent predictor of poor outcomes (mRS 3-6; 1.933, 1.274-2.933, p=0.002).
Conclusion: In patients receiving ERT for AIS due to cervicocephalic artery occlusions, the presence of DM as a comorbidity confers greater odds of a poor functional outcome.