Abstract TP25: Increased Risk for Unfavorable Outcome in Patients with Pre-existing Disability Undergoing Endovascular Therapy

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Background and Objectives: Most studies evaluating endovascular therapy (EVT) for stroke only included patients without pre-existing disability. However, in real life many patients have pre-existing disability and whether they can benefit from EVT remains unknown.Methods: Patients with large vessel anterior circulation stroke were prospectively enrolled. Patients with no or mild disability (modified Rankin Scale [mRS] 0-2) were compared with patients presenting with pre-existing moderate disability (mRS≥3). Baseline demographics and risk factors, stroke severity (studied with the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS]), imaging data including pre-treatment ASPECTS and ASPECTS collateral scores, as well as procedure related variables were accrued. Unfavorable outcome was defined as mRS≥4 at day 90.Results: Out of 100 enrolled patients, 85 had baseline mRS≤2 and 15 had pre-stroke mRS≥3. Patients with pre-existing mRS≥3 were significantly older (79.0±6 vs. 66.6±14, p=0.001) and more often had previous strokes (47% vs. 19%, p=0.04) and ASPECTS≤7 (33% vs. 12%, p=0.03). Patients with mRS≥3 at presentation were more likely to have poor outcome or death (OR 4.4 95%CI 1.3-15.0). Four of the patients with pre-existing moderate disability (27%) maintained their previous degree of disability. On multivariate analysis age (OR 1.1 95%CI 1.1-1.2), admission NIHSS (OR 1.2 95%CI 1-1.3) and complete recanalization (OR 0.2 95%CI 0.04-0.68) remained significant modifiers of poor outcome.Conclusions: Patients with pre-existing moderate disability have higher chances for sustaining unfavorable outcomes despite EVT. Nevertheless, some patients maintain the same level of moderate disability and therefore patients with pre-existing moderate disability should not be excluded from EVT.

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