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Introduction: Hyperdynamic therapy with dobutamine (DOB) administration on patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a useful strategy for treating cerebral vasospasm and neurological deterioration. Even some reports have suggested that DOB administration caused the cerebral blood flow (CBF) augmentation by increasing cardiac output, microcirculatory behavior in brain remains unclear.Hypothesis: Red blood cell (RBC) velocity should be increased under DOB administration. To investigate the cortical microcirculation, two-photon laser scanning microscopy with successive line-scans was used for red blood cell (RBC) velocity estimation.Methods: SAH was induced in ten male wild-type C57BL/6 mice (23 - 25g) using endovascular perforation technique. Five days after SAH, a cranial window was prepared for optical access to the cortical vasculature. Then we observed two-photon microscopy with intravenously injected rhodamine-dextran. The RBC velocity was visualized as dark objects against the fluorescent plasma background. The velocity was estimated from dark objects angle in successive line-scans analyzed by Radon function based algorithm. DOB was administrated intravenously at the dose of 6 and 12 μg/kg/min.Results: RBC velocity was increased in 8 mice after the DOB administration and 2 mice were reduced. The RBC velocity in increased mice of baseline , 6 , and 12 μg/kg/min was 1.29±0.40, 1.70±0.74 and 1.37±0.53 mm/sec, respectively. In the reduced mice, the RBC velocity was dropped almost half value of baseline at the DOB administration.Conclusions: DOB administration was increased RBC velocity in cortical microcirculation. It indicates DOB hyperdynamic therapy on patients with SAH is effective in the viewpoint of cortical microcirculatory control.