|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Background and Purpose: As endovascular therapy (EVT) occupies a growing role in the management of acute ischemic stroke (AIS), contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) associated with consecutive contrast media administration for vascular imaging and distal subtraction angiography is an emerging concern. We investigated the incidence, risk factors and clinical outcome of CIN in AIS patients who underwent EVT.Methods: Multicenter data from the ASIAN KR registry collected between January 2011 and Mar 2016, on consecutive patients who received EVT for AIS, were analyzed. Diagnostic criteria for CIN were: an absolute increase in serum creatinine (SCr) by ≥0.3 mg/dL from baseline within 48 hours after EVT; or a relative increase in SCr levels by ≥50% from baseline.Results: Of 721 patients, 616 patients (85%) were eligible for this study. CIN was diagnosed in 47 (7.6%), and was more associated with history of hypertension (p=0.011), history of diabetes mellitus (DM) (p=0.002), and higher initial NIHSS score (16.6 vs. 18.7 p=0.006). In multivariable analysis, independent risk factors of CIN were hypertension history (OR 2.465, 95% CI 1.027-5.919, p=0.043), DM history (1.978, 1.023-3.822, p=0.042), initial NIHSS score (1.071, 1.014-1.132, p=0.014), initial SCr level (1.603, 1.159-2.217, p=0.004) and duration from puncture to final angiography (1.006 per minute, 1.000-1.012, p=0.045). In multiple logistic regression, CIN was an independent risk factor of poor clinical outcome (modified Rankin Scale at 3 months 4-6; 3.782, 1.770-8.083, p=0.001) after adjusting age, sex, initial NIHSS, hypertension history, DM history, onset to puncture time and successful reperfusion.Conclusions: CIN is not uncommon and associated with poor clinical outcome after EVT in AIS. Clinicians should be aware that key factors associated with an increased likelihood of CIN are hypertension history, DM history, abnormal SCr level, higher NIHSS score and longer procedure duration.