Abstract 38: Brain CT Perfusion is Superior to Non-contrast CT Aspects in the Evaluation of Hyperacute Infarct Volume

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Objective: To compare the predictive capacity to detect established infarct in acute anterior circulation stroke between the Alberta Stroke Program Early Computed Tomography Score (ASPECTS) on non-contrast computed tomography (CT) and CT perfusion.Methods: Fifty-nine acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke patients received brain non-contrast CT, CT perfusion and hyperacute magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) within 100 minutes from CT imaging. ASPECTS scores were calculated by 4 independent vascular neurologists, blinded from CT perfusion and MRI data. CT perfusion infarct core volumes were calculated by MIStar software. The accuracy of commonly used ASPECTS cut-off scores and a CT perfusion core volume of ≥ 70 mL to detect a hyperacute MRI diffusion lesion of ≥ 70 ml was evaluated.Results: Median ASPECTS score was 9 (IQR 7-10). Median CT perfusion core volume was 22 ml (IQR 10.4-71.9). Median MRI diffusion lesion volume was 24,5 ml (IQR 10-63.9). ASPECTS score of < 6 had a sensitivity of 0.37, specificity of 0.95 and c-statistic of 0.66 to predict an acute MRI lesion ≥ 70 ml. In comparison, a CT perfusion core lesion of ≥ 70 ml had a sensitivity of 0.76, specificity of 0.98 and c-statistic of 0.92. The CT perfusion core lesion covered a median of 100% of the acute MRI lesion volume (IQR 86-100%).Conclusions: CT perfusion is superior to ASPECTS to predict hyperacute MRI lesion volume in ischemic stroke.

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