Background: The risk for intracranial (IA) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is partially heritable, with evidence mounting in favor of shared genetic risk for both.
Methods: The Brain and Aortic Aneurysm Study (BAAS, NCT#17341) at University of Virginia seeks to determine the coprevalence of IA and AAA recruiting patients presenting with an aneurysm at one site and screening for aneurysm at the other. Participants undergo genetic screening and an interview where clinical, demographic, and radiographic data are collected. Recruitment and screening are ongoing, so preliminary demographic data regarding between group differences (IA vs. AAA) are presented. All clinical and demographic data were collected and recorded in REDCap and exported to Excel. We compared a total of 256 participants (IA=164, AAA=92) for demographic factors: age, sex, smoking and past medical history.
Results: The AAA cohort was older (70.98 vs. 58.51, p<.001) and more male (79.34% vs. 23.78% p<.001). The AAA cohort had a higher proportion with diabetes mellitus (28.26% vs. 15.24%, p=.012), with hyperlipidemia (67.39% vs. 44.51%, p<.001) and higher smoking pack years (44.07 vs. 17.85, p<.001). The two groups did not differ in proportion with hypertension, coronary artery disease, or peripheral vascular disease (all p>.05).
Conclusions: These data suggest that there may be subtle differences in the clinical profile of patients presenting with IA and AAA, especially when considering known aneurysmal risk factors like hypertension, diabetes, and smoking history. Further analyses will consider whether these factors modulate the coprevalence of the two types of aneurysms.