Introduction: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality. Endovascular coiling is an effective treatment option for ruptured aneurysms and offers certain advantages over microsurgical clipping. Thromboembolism is a known complication of endovascular therapy, but little has been reported regarding its causes. We hypothesized that platelet transfusion (PT) is a risk factor for thrombotic events (TE) during endovascular therapy.
Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 84 patients presenting with aSAH to a Comprehensive Stroke Center in the United States between 2011 and 2015 who underwent endovascular treatment. In addition to TE related to endovascular aneurysm repair, charts were reviewed for variables including length of hospitalization, 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS), and smoking. Intergroup differences were evaluated with a Chi-squared and Student’s t-test. Logistic regression models were also fitted to the outcome of TE.
Results: Patient demographics and clinical variables are seen in Table 1. 23% of patients incurred TE. Platelet transfusion was more common in patients with TE, but this association was not statistically significant in the logistic regression models (Table 2). In the adjusted model, active smoking and procedure length remained significantly associated with TE.
Conclusion: To our knowledge, risk factors for thrombotic events in the setting of endovascular cerebral aneurysm treatment have not been previously reported. Procedure length and active smoking are associated with TE, and PT has a trend towards significance. After adjusting for potential confounders, active smoking remains the best predictor of TE (p=0.004), conferring an 11-fold risk.