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Introduction: Lower socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with poorer outcome after adult stroke. In a large cohort of children with arterial ischemic stroke (AIS), we determined 12-month neurological outcome and tested the hypothesis that SES is a determinant of outcome in children.Methods: From 2009-2014, the Vascular Effects of Infection in Pediatric Stroke (VIPS) study enrolled 355 children with AIS (29 days-18 years) at 37 international centers, including 3 in lower and middle income (LAMI) countries. Outcome was assessed at 12 months via the recurrence and recovery questionnaire (RRQ) parental report of the pediatric stroke outcome measure (PSOM). Poor outcome was defined as a PSOM of ≥1.Results: Of 355 children, outcome was available for 310 (87%) at a median of 12 months (IQR 11-13). Ten children died prior to hospital discharge and 4 by 12 months. Outcomes improved from discharge to 12 months (Figure). Of 23 cases in LAMI countries, 88% had an income $100,000). Other markers of SES (maternal education level and rural/suburban/urban residence) also did not predict outcome. Independent predictors of poor outcome included moderate (OR 4.6, 95% CI 2.0, 11) or severe (OR 21, 95% CI 7.1, 60) neurological deficits at discharge (compared to no deficits) and recurrent stroke (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.5, 8.3).Conclusion: Outcomes after childhood stroke may be worse in LAMI countries, although we were underpowered to study this subgroup. Within non-LAMI countries, SES does not appear to impact outcome in children, unlike reports in adults, perhaps reflecting better access to rehabilitation services in the pediatric population.