Abstract TP303: Institutional Stroke Quality Improvement and Impact on Vascular Neurology Fellows Practice Patterns


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Abstract

Background and objectives: The American Heart Association quality improvement (QI) program Target Stroke is focused on reducing door-to-needle (DTN) time for IV tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) therapy to ≤60 minutes. Multidisciplinary QI procedures similar to the Target Stroke best practices have been shown to improve DTN times at an MRI based program. Whether these strategies improve the performance of trainees is unclear. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of a multidisciplinary QI program on the practice patterns of vascular neurology (VN) fellows at an MRI based stroke program.Methods: Case logs from the NIH Stroke Program VN fellows (N=22) were reviewed from July 2008-July 2015. Data was collected for the following: total patients screened, patients triaged, stroke code proceeds, tPA treated cases, and door to needle time (DTN) for each patient treated including DTN ≤60 minutes. QI processes that included stroke team education and process changes were initiated in 2013 to improve stroke care at two hospitals where VN fellows provide clinical care. We compared VN fellow practice patterns before (2008-12) and after (2013-15) QI implementation.Results: A total of 5093 cases were reviewed for the study. From 2008-15, fellows screened a yearly average of 232 patients, triaged 54% (125) to acute imaging, and treated 7.8% (18) patients each year with IV tPA. VN fellow practice patterns after QI implementation (2013-15) improved for percent treated with IV tPA (5.8% vs. 9.9%, p<0.05), median DTN (83 vs. 71 min.; p<0.05), and percentage treated ≤60 minutes (11% vs. 40%; p<0.05). The mean number of patients screened was slightly higher before 2013 (238 vs. 225), and triage rates were similar (52.4% vs. 55%, p=0.58).Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that an institutional multidisciplinary QI stroke program can improve the practice patterns of VN fellows at an MRI based stroke program.

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