Background: The long-term follow-up of clinical outcomes in patients admitted with acute stroke can identify relevant clinical data in the prevention of stroke recurrence as well as measure the quality of life of such patients. Follow-up after discharge in hospitals without stroke clinics can be a challenge. Therefore we created in our hospital an outcomes measurement nuclei characterized as a data collection center, with the main objective of periodically measuring clinical outcomes and quality of life of patients after hospital discharge.This sector works together with the different clinical specialties in providing information with a focus on outcome indicators, using questionnaires to estimate the parameters of evaluation of health states.Our objective was to describe data obtained from this data collection center evaluating post-discharge quality of life of patients treated in our stroke center 30, 90, 180 days and 01 years after the diagnosis.
Methods: The study was conducted from January 2012 to March 2016, at a tertiary, general, private hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. Phone calls using the EuroQol instrument (EQ-5D) to measure quality of life were performed. The modified Rankin scale and a structured questionnaire to identify stroke recurrence, readmissions and medication failures were also applied.
Results: We conducted 2184 telephone calls and obtained 1727 (79%) successful contacts. The mean EQ-5D at 30 days was: 0.732 +/-0.558; at 90 days: 0.722 +/- 0.358; at 180 Days: 0.781 +/- 0.326; and at 12 months 0.766 +/-0.349. During the follow-up, 31 patients (2%) died. The main reasons for censuring patients were unsuccessful contact after 3 attempts (51%); outdated registration data (3%) and refusals (9%).
Conclusion: In conclusion, monitoring of standardized clinical outcomes after stroke is possible even in private non academic hospitals, allowing the acquisition of quality of care indicators and patient centered outcomes.