White Matter Hyperintensity Volume and Outcome of Mechanical Thrombectomy With Stentriever in Acute Ischemic Stroke

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Background and Purpose—Finding of white matter hyperintensity (WMH) has been associated with an increased risk of parenchymal hematoma and poor clinical outcomes after mechanical thrombectomy using old-generation endovascular devices. Currently, no data exist with regard to the risk of mechanical thrombectomy using stentriever devices in patients with significant WMH. We hypothesized that WMH volume will not affect the hemorrhagic and clinical outcome in patients with acute ischemic stroke undergoing thrombectomy using new-generation devices.Methods—A retrospective cohort of consecutive acute ischemic stroke patients >18-year-old receiving mechanical thrombectomy with stentriever devices at a single academic center was examined. WMH volume was assessed by a semiautomated volumetric analysis on T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery–magnetic resonance imaging. Outcomes included the rate of any intracerebral hemorrhage, 90-day modified Rankin Score (mRS), the rate of good outcome (discharge mRS ≤2), and the rate of successful reperfusion (thrombolysis in cerebral ischemia score 2b or 3).Results—Between June 2012 and December 2015, 56 patients with acute ischemic stroke met the study criteria. Median WMH volume was 6.76 cm3 (4.84–16.09 cm3). Increasing WMH volume did not significantly affect the odds of good outcome (odds ratio [OR], 0.811; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.456–1.442), intracerebral hemorrhage (OR, 1.055; 95% CI, 0.595–1.871), parenchymal hematoma (OR, 0.353; 95% CI, 0.061–2.057), successful recanalization (OR, 1.295; 95% CI, 0.704–2.383), or death (OR, 1.583; 95% CI, 0.84–2.98).Conclusions—Mechanical thrombectomy using stentrievers seems to be safe in selected patients with acute ischemic stroke with large vessel occlusion, nonwithstanding the severity of WMH burden in this population. Larger prospective studies are warranted to validate these findings.

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