Introduction: Assessments of health-related quality of life (QoL) are increasingly important for stroke patients; however, such data are lacking for patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Using EuroQol-5 Dimension-5 Level (EQ5D), we describe factors associated with QoL, and explore associations between QoL and functional outcomes in ICH patients.
Methods: Our study is a multisite prospective cohort aiming to examine comparative effectiveness of treating ICH patients at various levels of care across Texas. Consented patients undergo QoL assessments - including EQ5D - in-hospital and 90 days post-discharge. EQ5D health utility values (HUV) were calculated using published utility weights for US population. HUVs range from -0.11 to 1.00, with 0.00 and 1.00 representing patient-perceived QoL equivalent to death and perfect health, respectively. Median and interquartile range (IQR) are reported. Quantile regression was used to evaluate factors associated with HUVs, and we report difference in median (DIM) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for the difference.
Results: Thus far 158 patients have been enrolled in the study. EQ5D HUVs were obtained from 133 patients in-hospital and 62 patients at day 90. Median in-hospital and day-90 HUVs were significantly lower for patients with higher NIHSS and ICH scores. Patients with in-hospital complications, neurosurgical procedures, and longer length of stay also had lower HUVs (Table 1). There was a significant improvement in HUVs during 90-days post-discharge (DIM: 0.37; 95% CI: 0.24-0.51), and high day-90 HUVs were associated with good functional outcome (mRS 0-3) (Figure 1, DIM: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.51-0.78, p<0.001). Enrollment continues; updated analyses to be presented.
Conclusion: Our results indicate a correlation between QoL, and inpatient clinical parameters and functional outcomes. Assessment of QoL may be routinely conducted in ICH studies to generate evidence for comparative effectiveness.