Desirable Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels for Preventing Stroke Recurrence: A Post Hoc Analysis of the J-STARS Study (Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke)

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Abstract

Background and Purpose—

To define desirable target low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels for the prevention of stroke recurrence, a post hoc analysis was performed in the J-STARS study (Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke).

Methods—

Subjects (n=1578) were divided into groups based on mean value of postrandomized LDL cholesterol levels until the last observation in 20 mg/dL increments. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals were analyzed for each group, with adjustments for baseline LDL cholesterol, baseline body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and statin usage.

Results—

The postrandomized LDL cholesterol level until the last observation were 104.1±19.3 mg/dL in the pravastatin group and 126.1±20.6 mg/dL in the control group. The adjusted HRs for stroke and transient ischemic attack and all vascular events decreased in the postrandomized LDL cholesterol level of 80 to 100 mg/dL (P=0.23 and 0.25 for the trend, respectively). The adjusted HR for atherothrombotic infarction significantly reduced with the usage of statin after adjusting baseline LDL cholesterol levels (HR, 0.39; 95% confidence intervals, 0.19–0.83). The adjusted HR for atherothrombotic infarction and intracranial hemorrhage were similar among the postrandomized LDL-cholesterol–level subgroups (P=0.50 and 0.37 for the trend, respectively). The adjusted HR for lacunar infarction decreased in the postrandomized LDL cholesterol level of 100 to 120 mg/dL (HR, 0.45; 95% confidence intervals, 0.20–0.99; P=0.41 for the trend).

Conclusions—

The composite risk of stroke and transient ischemic attack reduced in the postrandomized LDL cholesterol level of 80 to 100 mg/dL after adjusting for statin usage.

Clinical Trial Registration—

URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00221104.

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