Admission Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio as a Prognostic Biomarker of Outcomes in Large Vessel Occlusion Strokes

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Abstract

Background and Purpose—

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the relationship between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) at admission with safety and efficacy outcomes in acute stroke patients with large vessel occlusion after mechanical thrombectomy.

Methods—

Consecutive large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy during a 4-year period were evaluated. Outcome measures included symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, 3-month mortality, successful reperfusion (modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction score of 2b/3), and 3-month functional independence (modified Rankin Scale scores of 0–2).

Results—

A total of 293 large vessel occlusion patients underwent mechanical thrombectomy (median admission NLR, 3.5; interquartile range [IQR], 1.7–6.8). In initial univariable analyses, higher median admission NLR values were documented in patients with symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (8.5; IQR, 4.7–11.3) versus (3.9; IQR, 1.9–6.5); P<0.001 and individuals who were dead at 3-months (5.4; IQR, 2.8–9.6) versus (4.0; IQR, 1.8–6.4); P=0.004. Lower NLR values were recorded in patients with 3-month functional independence (3.7; IQR, 1.7–6.5) versus (4.3; IQR, 2.6–8.3); P=0.039. After adjustment for potential confounders, a 1-point increase in NLR was independently associated with higher odds of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (odds ratio, 1.11; 95% CI, 1.03–1.20; P=0.006) and 3-month mortality (odds ratio, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01–1.16; P=0.014).

Conclusions—

Higher admission NLR is an independent predictor of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage and 3-month mortality in large vessel occlusion patients treated with mechanical thrombectomy, and it may identify a target group for testing adjunctive anti-inflammatory therapies.

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