Cerebral Ischemia in Gerbils: Differential Vulnerability of Protein, RNA, and Lipid Syntheses

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In order to compare the difference in the vulnerability of macromolecular syntheses, protein, RNA, and lipid syntheses were studied with ischemic brain tissue three hours following unilateral carotid ligation in gerbils. Precursor incorporation was measured in various subcellular fractions following in vitro incorporation with brain slices. There was marked inhibition of protein synthesis, but RNA and phospholipid syntheses showed little or no change. On the basis of available information on rapid deterioration of polysomal system for polypeptide synthesis, a hypothesis was proposed that messenger ribonucleic acid (RNA) at the polysomal level is promptly affected in this pathophysiologic condition.

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