Effect of Anticoagulants and Inhibitors of Platelet Aggregation on Thrombotic Occlusion of Endarterectomized Cat Carotid Arteries

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Cat carotid arteries measuring 1.8 to 2 mm in diameter were endarterectomized under the operating microscope over a 1-cm segment and the arteriotomy was closed with a 9-0 monofilament nylon suture. Vessels exhibiting significant narrowing of the lumen due to faulty closure of the arteriotomy were excluded from the study. The vessels were divided into six groups according to the method of treatment of the animals: control, aspirin, Coumadin, Coumadin plus aspirin, heparin for less than four hours, and heparin for four to eight hours. All vessels in the untreated group subjected to simple arteriotomy and closure remained patent. Only heparin demonstrated an apparent beneficial effect after endarterectomy with 100% of the vessels treated more than four hours and 30% of those treated less than four hours remaining patent. This is contrasted to a 0% patency in other endarterectomized vessels.

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