Presence of Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Is Associated With Age, Bifurcation Angle, and Vessel Diameter

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Background and Purpose—The anterior communicating artery (Acom) aneurysm is the most complex in all cerebral aneurysms, and wider vascular bifurcation angles are considered to be associated with aneurysm formation. The objective of this study was to investigate association of the Acom aneurysm formation with patient age and vascular bifurcation morphology.Methods—Three-dimensional angiographic data of 665 patients were used in this study, including 160 patients with Acom aneurysms, 66 with non-Acom aneurysms, and 439 control subjects with no aneurysms. The anterior cerebral artery bifurcation angle (Acom/A2 angle), arterial diameters, and Acom aneurysm geometric characters were examined.Results—Women of 50 to 70 years were more vulnerable to Acom aneurysm formation than men. The Acom/A2 bifurcation angle was significantly increased (P<0.0001) with increase of patient age. The size of the Acom aneurysm dome and neck was statistically positively correlated with the diameter of the Acom, A1 and A2 segments (P<0.0001). The Acom/A2 bifurcation angle was significantly (P<0.0001) wider in patients with than without Acom aneurysms, whereas the A1/A2 angle was significantly smaller in patients with than without Acom aneurysms (P<0.0001). The Acom aneurysms at the bifurcation apex mostly deviated toward the smaller angle formed between the parent A1 and branches and toward the daughter artery with a smaller diameter. The Acom aneurysms were located mostly on the dominant anterior cerebral artery.Conclusions—The presence of Acom aneurysm is significantly associated with patient age, wider angles of the anterior cerebral artery bifurcation, and smaller vascular diameter of the anterior communicating complex.

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