Background: Although all microsurgeries are based on the use of surgical microscopes, several alternative magnification systems have shown promising results. Improvements in image quality facilitated the use of video systems in microsurgeries with safety and accuracy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a low-cost, video-assisted magnification system in peripheral neurorrhaphy in rats. Methods: Twenty Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 matched groups according to the magnification system used: the microscope group, with neurorrhaphy performed under a microscope with an image magnification of 40×; and the video system group, with the procedures performed under a video system composed of a high-definition Sony camcorder DCR-SR42 set to 52× magnification, macro lenses, 42-inch television, and a digital HDMI cable. We analyzed weight, nerve caliber, total surgery time, neurorrhaphy time, number of stitches, and number of axons in both ends (proximal and distal). Results: There were no significant differences between groups in weight, nerve caliber, or number of stitches. Neurorrhaphy under the video system took longer (video: 5.60 minutes; microscope: 3.20 minutes; P < .05). Number of axons was similar between groups, both in proximal and distal stumps. Conclusion: It is possible to perform a peripheral neurorrhaphy in rats through video system magnification, but with a longer surgical time.